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Discus Care - Diseases
discus care>>diseases
Having a sick discus in your tank doesn’t mean that you are an irresponsible aquarist – it’s a fact of life that at one point or another, your fish will catch something and they will become sick.
Your job as and aquarist is to become aware of the steps that you have to perform to ensure that  your fish will become well again. or at the very leas, the other tank mates will not become sick too. Here are some guidelines to accomplish that goal
If your adding new fish to a species tank or   community  tank, consider quarantining the new fish first. Sometimes, new fish may appear healthy when purchased but are actually sick and may carry toxic bacteria /fungi or viruses that may spread .
The best practice: purchase and set up a small quarantine tank . It does not require any decorations or substrate but does need to have balanced ph, temperature ,oxygen aeration , and filtration in place. The isolation tank should be a minimum of 30 gallons, using the 10  gallon per discus rule to support three discus for a minimum of three weeks to recover before returning to the main tank. If you suspect that the main tank is the cause you may have to disinfect the main tank to rid it of bacteria and recycle the tank.
Watch out for the following: Fins and tail have a rotting , disintegration appearance Disintegration of the surface tissue around the eyes Wounds or lesions on any part of the body Gills are pale or have a different coloration (pink or reddish is healthy) Erratic swimming behavior Floating to the surface Gasping for air at the surface Scale rot
Diseases Notes Common Treatments  Mycobacteriosis  Most commonly found in pet shops  Usually spread when fish eat the  tissue of other dead fish  Doxycycline Ich (Ichthyophthirius multifiliis) White spot disease appearing as  white spots  - parasite Formalin combined with malachite  green  - check temperature and new  fish for it  Camallanus (roundworm) Intestinal blockage  Levamisole Fin Rot Disintegration of the fins  Nitrofurazone Bacterial lesions  Diseased scales and skin Cefrazidine  Fungal Infections Cottony, thread like projections  Potassium permanganate  Hexamita Rapid erosion of surface tissues   Metronidazole  Metronidazole Spironucleus  Similar to  hexamita Metronidazole Blue slime disease  Excessive mucus and stress  Formalin and malachite green  Flukes Will try to scratch themselves Reddish spots Praziquantel  Capillaria infection  Excessive belly size, weakness,  Fenbendazole